Impact of Women Education on Economic Growth: An Evidence from Pakistan


  • Kiran Zahra School Education Department, Government of Punjab, Pakistan
  • Mudassar Yasin Department of Agri.Extension, MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan
  • Baserat Sultana Department of Economics, University of Wah, Pakistan
  • Zulqarnain Haider PhD Scholar, Department of Economics and Finance, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, PR China
  • Raheela Khatoon Akhuwat College for Women Chakwal, Pakistan



Female higher education, Economic growth, Education expenditures, Pakistan


Education is the most fundamental right in the current situation, and it is an essential element of economic growth. No country can achieve economic development and goals without investing in education. Pakistan’s economic development is possible when education is equal for both men and women, but the government did not give importance to the sector as it deserved. This study investigated the determinants of female higher education in Pakistan and the impact of women's education on the economic growth of Pakistan. This study utilized time-series data from 1991 to 2019. The autoregressive distribution lag (ARDL) model is applied to estimate the impact. The result shows that in Pakistan, education expenditure has no positive effect on female education. In contrast, a positive relationship between female higher education and GDP growth exists, but this relation is not strong in the short run and long run.


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How to Cite

Zahra, K., Yasin, M., Sultana, B., Haider, Z. and Khatoon, R. (2021) “Impact of Women Education on Economic Growth: An Evidence from Pakistan”, Journal of Economic Impact, 3(2), pp. 113–120. doi: 10.52223/jei30221037.



Research Articles