Determinants of Basmati Exports from Pakistan: A Panel Data Analysis


  • Muhammad Munwar Hayat School Education Department, Government of Punjab, Pakistan
  • Raheela Khatoon Akhuwat College for Women Chakwal, Pakistan



Determinants, Basmati Exports, Panel data, Pakistan


This paper aims to estimate the impact of different factors of basmati exports from Pakistan to its trading partner. Results are obtained by using the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) model and panel data methodology with a sample of 22 countries for the period of 2003-2019. To estimate the impact of different variables on basmati exports Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) model is used on the panel dataset. The results revealed that the inflation rate of Pakistan has a negative and significant effect on the export competitiveness of Pakistani basmati. The exchange rate of Pakistan has a positive and significant impact on the basmati export, the population of Pakistan has a negative and significant impact on basmati export. Basmati production in Pakistan also has a significant and negative impact on basmati export. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Pakistan has a significant and positive impact on the basmati export while the GDP of the trading partner has a significant and negative impact on the basmati export. The dummy variable for joint border also has a positive and significant impact on basmati exports of Pakistan.


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How to Cite

Hayat, M. M. and Khatoon, R. (2021) “Determinants of Basmati Exports from Pakistan: A Panel Data Analysis”, Journal of Economic Impact, 3(1), pp. 12–18. doi: 10.52223/jei3012102.



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